Eating potatoes in morning, vegetables in evening lowers mortality risk in diabetes was reported by Michael Monostra for Healio.com/endocrinology, 15 March 2022.
The time of day certain types of foods are eaten may affect risks for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality for adults with diabetes, according to study data published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
“We observed that eating potatoes in the morning, whole grains in the afternoon, greens and milk in the evening, and less processed meat in the evening was associated with better long-term survival in people with diabetes,” Qingrao Song, MD, of the department of nutrition and food hygiene at the Harbin Medical University School of Public Health in China, said in a press release. “Nutritional guidelines and intervention strategies for diabetes should integrate the optimal consumption times for foods in the future.”
“The findings in our study have important implications,” the researchers wrote. “People with diabetes are under a disrupted biological rhythm of glucose metabolism, and accumulating evidence in recent years has indicated that food intake time is as important as quantity and quality for maintaining health. Therefore, nutritional therapy that considers consumption time will be a major component of diabetes treatment.”
2 servings of avocado per week may cut heart disease risk by 16% was written by Annie Lennon for MedicalNewsToday.com, 7 April 2022.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. However, it can be prevented through lifestyle factors like diet. The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends limiting 5- 6% of calories intake from saturated fatty acid (SFA), and replacing SFA and trans-fats with monounsaturated fats (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fats for better heart health.
Avocados are rich in MUFAs and polyunsaturated fats. Studies have found that their regular consumption reduces triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and total cholesterol level. Most studies on avocado consumption have focused on cardiovascular risk factors. Studies investigating the link between avocado consumption and cardiovascular events could improve understanding of the fruit’s health benefits.
Recently, researchers have investigated the link between avocado consumption and cardiovascular events. They found that higher consumption of avocados was linked to a lower risk of CVD and coronary heart disease (CHD).
“The results are significant and strengthen previous findings of avocados’ association with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease as well as reducing heart outcomes such as fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction,” said Bhanu Gupta, MD, cardiologist at The University of Kansas Health System, not involved in the study.
Mushrooms may ‘talk’ to each other using up to 50 ‘words’ was posted by Derya Ozdemir for InterestingEngineering.com, 8 April 2022.
Mushrooms are solitary creatures who don’t move or prey on others. But it’s possible that they might just chatter. In a recent study, a scientist at the University of the West of England implanted electrodes into four different types of fungi and found that they seem to communicate internally using electrical impulses about food or an injury.
A mathematical analysis of the electrical signals that fungi send to each other revealed that the patterns in these “messages” are surprisingly similar to human speech. In fact, the scientist found that the signal groups are so sophisticated that they actually resemble words — leading to the discovery that a mushroom’s vocabulary may contain around 50 words. Fungi communicate with one another via hyphae, which are long, branching, filamentous tendrils that the organisms utilize to expand and explore their surroundings.
Previous research has shown that when mushrooms find new food sources, the amount of electrical impulses going through hyphae rises, suggesting that fungi may utilize this “language” to notify each other about new food sources.
This new study, which was published in Royal Society Open Science, discovered that these spikes frequently clustered into trains of activity. In fact, they resembled vocabularies of up to 50 words, although none used more than 15 to 20 frequently. The distribution of these “fungal word lengths” was similar to that of human languages, with split gills producing the most complicated “sentences” of all.
“There is also another option – they are saying nothing,” Adam Adamatzky, a computer scientist at the Unconventional Computing Laboratory at the University of West of England said. “Propagating mycelium tips are electrically charged, and, therefore, when the charged tips pass in a pair of differential electrodes, a spike in the potential difference is recorded.”
Widely used food additive affects the human gut microbiota was posted by Norwegian University of Life Sciences, (NMBU), 5 April 2022.
Have you heard about the food additive E415? It is also known as xanthan gum. Most likely, you eat it several times a week. Xanthan gum is used in everyday foods such as baked goods, ice cream and salad dressings. The additive is also widely used as a substitute for gluten in gluten-free foods.
New research now shows that xanthan gum affects our gut microbiota. The study was recently published in Nature Microbiology by a team of scientists at NMBU in collaboration with the University of Michigan and several other international partners.
“We were surprised at how much the human gut bacteria have adapted to this additive since it was introduced into the modern diet only fifty years ago,” says NMBU researcher Sabina Leanti La Rosa.
When it was first introduced, xanthan gum was thought to not affect us as it was not digested by the human body. However, the new study shows that the additive nevertheless affects the bacteria that live in our intestines. And these bacteria are important for our health and well-being. “The gut bacteria we have investigated show genetic changes and a rapid adaptation to enable them to digest this particular additive,” explains professor Phil Pope. He leads the Microbial Ecology and Meta-Omics group at NMBU, where the researchers who conducted the new study work.
Effect of Camel Milk on Glucose Homeostasis in Patients with Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials was released to PubMed.NCBI.NLM.NIH.gov/35334901, 15 March 2022.
The effects of camel milk (CM) intake on glycemic control in patients with diabetes are controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials were conducted to summarize the effect of CM intake on glucose homeostasis parameters in patients with both types of diabetes mellitus; T1DM and T2DM.
The pooled results obtained showed a statistically significant decrease in HbA1c levels, with a clear tendency, but non-significant, to decrease FBG in patients with diabetes who consumed CM in comparison to those on usual care. Conversely, the consumption of CM did not show significant reductions in the rest of the glucose homeostasis parameters. Subgroup analysis revealed that patients with T2DM were more beneficially affected by CM intake than those with T1DM in lowering FBG (fasting blood glucose), while patients with T1DM were more beneficially affected by CM intake than those with T2DM in lowering HbA1c.
To conclude, long-term consumption of CM by patients with diabetes could be a useful adjuvant therapy alongside classical medications, especially in lowering the required insulin dose and HbA1c. Due to the high heterogeneity observed in the included studies, more controlled trials with a larger sample size are warranted to confirm our results and to control some confounders and interfering factors existing in the analyzed articles.